Here you see the flag
of Ghana, which has been in use since 1957. The flag was
designed by Mrs. Salome Theodosia Okoh. The red in the flag
stands for the blood of the people who died in the struggle for
the independence of Ghana (1957). The gold stands for the wealth
of minerals in Ghana, what was formerly called the Gold Coast.
And, finally, the green stands for the rich forest. The star in
the middle of the flag is a symbol for African Freedom.
Ghana has a very
interesting history. Below is a summary of that turbulent
history, to you a little bit of an idea to give what is has
played in recent centuries.
There is evidence that there are 10,000 years before Christ
people were already present in the area of Ghana in the area
close to the Oti River. There are remnants of a small society.
However, there are already indications that people in Ghana have
In about 1300 years after Christ were first formed kingdoms,
including the Akan kingdom in the Brong-Ahafo region. In the
15th century were the first Europeans in Ghana - to be precise
the Portuguese. Ghana was called then-Gold Coast and still
existed from different kingdoms. The Portuguese built including
the famous fort Elmina, on the coast. From 1500 to 1807 was the
era of the slave trade, wars and different state. The
Portuguese, Danish, Swedish, Dutch and British have been present
in the Gold Coast. The forts were built, abandoned, attacked,
swapped, sold and taken over. Fort Elmina in 1642 fell into the
hands of the Dutch, who then began with the slave trade. This
they did with the help of a number of African chiefs and other
leaders, so they benefit too. Slave trade between different
tribes existed in Ghana before the Europeans came, and the Dutch
were here easily using it.
In the last quarter of the nineteenth century the British ousted
the Dutch from all over the Gold Coast. Ultimately, there are an
estimated 6 to 20 million slaves from West Africa, shipped to
other parts. Gold Coast since the arrival of the Europeans the
centre of West Africa in the slave trade.
In 1874 drew Great Britain officially the
Gold Coast Colony. In 1878 cocoa was introduced in Gold Coast,
which now has become the main export product of Ghana.
In 1954, a new Constitution was introduced,
which many major powers granted to Nkrumah, the first Ghanaian
president. On March 6, 1957 was the last of the British
domination in Ghana and became the country - as one of the first
African countries - finally independently. After this autonomy,
there are still a number of coups committed, until finally the
country was stable.
In 1964, the famous
Akosombo dam completed. This dam will ensure that the Lake Volta
- the largest lake in the world that was created by humans – can
deliver much energy through hydropower. Unfortunately, almost
six hundred villages and towns had to be moved to make room for
it. Eighty thousand people had tot look for another place of
In 1983 Ghana came in the first phase of the Economic Recovery
Program of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
From 1981 to 2000 was head of state Jerry Rawlings. Rawlings was
founded in 2000 succeeded by John Kufuor, who now for the second
time was chosen as president of Ghana.
Climate and landscape
Ghana is 239,000 km2, which is as big as Great Britain and about
7.5 times as large as the Netherlands. As Ghana is located east
of Togo, Ivory Coast to the west and north is Burkina Faso.
Ghana is located just north of the equator.
is a tropical country. In the southeast it is hot and dry. In
the southwest is the hot and humid and in the north is mainly
dry. It is in Ghana very dry and dusty during the dry season,
when the harmattanwind blowing from the northeast. The harmattan
is from about December until January and
means that there are an awful lot of sand and dust in the air,
everything under a layer of dust is trapped and that it is
almost impossible to keep yourself clean. Ghanaian can somehow
do they look almost always splendid.
There are two rainy seasons: from April to June and from
September to October. It remains very hot throughout the year in
Ghana. Only in the dry season, the night can be cooling down to
about 20 degrees Celsius.
Ghana has in the south a landscape that consists of grass plains
and mangroves (and of course palms and beaches). In the west and
south, there are many
tropical forests in the north and the landscape consists mainly
of swamps and savannah.
Ghana is a relatively flat country; the highest mountain is the
Afadjato (880 m). The country is hilly everywhere. There are
many rivers in Ghana, nearly all - through the Voltalake -
toward the sea currents. The Voltalake is the largest lake in
the world that man was created. The Volta Lake was formed by a
dam on the Volta River. This dam is called Akosombo dam, because
the Akosombo in the village
There are more than 20 million people in Ghana. The average life
expectancy of Ghanaian is 56 years. Approximately 350,000 people
are infected with HIV / AIDS. The percentage of people that
leads to literacy is 75%.
Half of the population speaks a language of the Akan (e.g. Twi
and Fante). The rest of the country speaks 1 of the 75 other
Ghanaian languages. English may indeed be the official language
in Ghana, but mostly speaks that language as a second language
or not at all. In schools are taught in English (which the
children often barely speak, so they do not absorb many of the
lessons) and in business is also the English language, but in
the poorer areas and the northern one speaks little English.
The people who now live in Ghana are descendants of immigrants
from other parts of West Africa. Originally there were other
tribes living in the area that what is now called Ghana.
Ghana is in relation
to other West African countries prosperous. Ghana is still
heavily dependent on international financial and technical
assistance. The main export goods are cocoa, gold, timber, tuna,
bauxite, aluminium, diamonds and manganese. The other products
that Ghana trades include rice, coffee, cassava, peanuts, corn,
bananas, fish and rubber.
Many of these products
are of course for their own use.
main export countries are the Netherlands, England, France,
Germany, Japan, Italy, Turkey and the United States. 60% of the
population works in agriculture. The currency of Ghana is the
The oldest of Ghana game is Oware. It is played in several
African countries. The game is for two players and it looks like
Backgammon, but it looks different and has 24 stones. The board
is usually made of wood, with 12 holes / trays in, 6 on each
side. It is played by young and old and it is very fanatic. It
is also alleged by some earlier wars that were fought with this
Another very important game is football. Ghanaian boys do
everything to be a football hero. They all want in the Ghanaian
Black Stars team. Many Ghanaian footballers are playing in
Europe. In 1882 came the first black footballer to England. This
was Arthur Wharton, a Ghanaian
The most typical
Ghanaian objects which markets are made by hand. The Ashanti's,
for example, made famous by weaving the Kent ceremonial
In addition, there are
a lot of Ghanaian market wooden images, as well as gold
jewellery, baskets and homemade drums. Knowledge of creating
this stuff is passed on generation to generation. The food in
Ghana is very different than in Europe. They mainly eat spicy
soup with a kind of potatoes (yam) or rice. They also eat a lot
of beans. Fufu is a real luxury feast, or for Sundays. Fufu is
made of cassava and yam or plantain. This is boiled and then
crushed, by stamping a long time with a special stick / pole.
This becomes a sticky ball, which is served with a spicy soup
It is in Ghana very
normal that you eat on the street. You get your food than with a
chop bar, where you sit on a bench to eat - just on the streets.
By chop-bars you can usually eat fufu, banku, fried plantain
(banana species) and fried yam (type of potato). You can also
add a boiled or fried egg on bread. There is a lot of cocoa in
Ghana, so you will probably think that you are also the best
chocolate in the world can get. This is unfortunately not the
case, since almost all cocoa to the western countries is
exported and there is the processed into chocolate. In Ghana
will be produced chocolate, but this is not the same quality as
the chocolate in the West.
has freedom of religion. There are many religions. The religion
with the largest following in Ghana is Christianity (63%),
followed by Islam (16%) and the Traditional African religions
(21%). All these religions live in peace with each other.
Religion belongs to the life of a Ghanaian. They do not
understand that there are people who 'do' believe. The north of
Ghana is predominantly Islamic. This is because in the past was
far acted with the empire of the Sahel, which flows through the
northern Ghana arrived in about the 13th century. The South has
more influence of the Europeans, which has ensured that
Christianity has done since his entry. There are an awful lot of
different churches - almost all of various departments' of
Christianity - allowing you sometimes the wood for the trees no
longer sees. Some churches have gone a bit along with the
traditional African religions. In Ghana you have many
traditional celebrations from the past, when the traditional
religions still dominated. These celebrations vary from one
village or area. In the traditional religions ancestors are very
important, just like the people who can speak with the gods,
such as the Fetish Priest. Through these people-the people can
communicate with the gods.
have the English language over from the colonial era. In Ghana,
they have an English school system and if they still have more
things. But Ghanaians continue Ghanaians. Their character they
have kept their special properties they have retained. Ghanaians
are in the first respect tremendously friendly and very
hospitable, even if you're a stranger to them. Are you even if
you encounter against strangers on the street? If anyone would
come to me and would ask whether I know a place where that
person can stay overnight, I would suggest to him than my house
or a hotel? And if somebody wants to eat something, I would go
to my kitchen him or designate him a restaurant? In addition to
this incredible hospitality, Ghanaians are also very quiet, or
in other words: relaxed. They live each day and each moment.
With each moment, I mean the following: If a Ghanaian trip to
school and he is someone who at one time he has not seen, then
he remains there and join us, just so long as that he needs. He
is currently engaged. If they are ready to talk, then he focuses
on his route, he goes to school, where he then too late. It will
come too late to some extent accepted, someone you can not just
walk past. An appointment is made for a day, so "in the morning,
in the afternoon or at night I come along." There is very little
stress on 'come too late. “Relationships with friends and family
and other acquaintances are more important than the agenda and
its timetable. Ghanaians are very friendly, which sometimes can
lead to frustration. If there is a lot of people are very
friendly, and if everyone you always somehow and you always want
to make the road - while you're looking for is not the right way
- that can be extended to up to frustration. But it went and at
a given moment you have people who maybe even necessary,